What is HTML?

  • HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, and is the predominant markup language for web pages.
  • HTML is the basic building-blocks of webpages.
  • A markup language is a set of markup tags, and HTML uses markup tags to describe web pages.
  • HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags
  • HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags, enclosed in angle brackets (like <html>) within the web page content.
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>. The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag (they are also called opening tags and closing tags).
  • HTML documents describe web pages
  • HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
  • HTML documents are also called web pages

The purpose of a web browser (Ex. IE or Firefox) is to read HTML documents and display them as web pages.

Browsers does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page:


<h1>My First Heading</h1>

<p>My first paragraph.</p>


Example Explained

  • The text between <html> and </html> describes the web page
  • The text between <body> and </body> is the visible page content
  • The text between <h1> and </h1> is displayed as a heading
  • The text between <p> and </p> is displayed as a paragraph

HTML Basic Elements

  • HTML Headings

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<h2>This is a heading</h2>
<h3>This is a heading</h3>

  • HTML Paragraphs

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph.</p>

  • HTML Links

<a href=”http://www.xenno.org”>This is a link</a>

  • HTML Images

<img src=”picture.jpg” width=”104″ height=”142″ />

  • HTML Tables





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